Weathered and wrinkled as it is, it’s not that old. Some elementary googling dates the bill at  1953. The gentleman is Itagaki Taisuke, whom Wikipedia says “was born into a middle-ranking samaurai family.” I know what they mean, but it still sounds amusing; you imagine Mom and Dad dressed up like John Belushi, walking around, grunting, cleaving things with ceremonial swords. You’ll find more about his political career here.

The upward-pointing beard never caught on the West.